Skip to main content

8 March International Women’s Day

Message of the UN Secretary-General

Turin (Italy) -

Time is NOW to Empower Women and Stop Abuses

Testimonies from UNICRI's Research on Trafficking of Nigerian Girls

Interview with O.O, she was 15 when she left Nigeria and was trafficked to Italy: I could not flee because I did not know anyone and did not know the language. C. reminded me that I had to repay my loan and that the time had come for starting to payback. C. was constantly beating me up because I cried all the time and the clients did not want to be with a cry baby.
Interview with G.A: At 14 my father decided that I had to marry the Chief who, at the time, was 59 years old. I became his sixth wife. I did not want to marry such an old guy but my father forced me to do so. I gave my husband a child and the situation became more and more difficult. I ran away from my husband’s home after a few months but my father did not let me stay in his house because he was afraid of my husband’s reaction. After my escape my husband hired ruffians who killed my father and burnt the house. I left the country and headed towards Libya. I left Tripoli with around 60 other people on a boat belonging to two Egyptian men. We spent 7 days at sea, before reaching Lampedusa. I did not know anybody. A group of guys from Senegal put me in touch with a Nigerian woman that they believed could have helped me. I went many times to see her and after a while, thinking of being kind to me, she told me that I could make money working as a prostitute. She said that she would give me the condoms, the creams and the make-up I needed and tell me exactly where to go if I gave her part of the money I would make. She even told me that – knowing that I was pregnant - that men like pregnant women a lot and that I would have a lot of clients. I refused to become a prostitute and refused to have an abortion. But this woman forced me to go in the street. I managed to escape after a few weeks.


The UN Secretary-General, António Guterres: message on International Women’s Day

We are at a pivotal moment for women’s rights. The historical and structural inequalities that have allowed oppression and discrimination to flourish are being exposed like never before. From Latin America to Europe to Asia, on social media, on film sets, on the factory floor and in the streets, women are calling for lasting change and zero tolerance for sexual assault, harassment, and discrimination of all kinds.

Achieving gender equality and empowering women and girls is the unfinished business of our time, and the greatest human rights challenge in our world.

The activism and advocacy of generations of women has borne fruit. There are more girls in school than ever before; more women are doing paid work and in senior roles in the private sector, academia, politics and in international organizations, including the United Nations. Gender equality is enshrined in countless laws, and harmful practices like female genital mutilation and child marriage have been outlawed in many countries.

But serious obstacles remain if we are to address the historic power imbalances that underpin discrimination and exploitation.

More than a billion women around the world lack legal protection against domestic sexual violence. The global gender pay gap is 23 per cent, rising to 40 per cent in rural areas, and the unpaid work done by many women goes unrecognized. Women’s representation in national parliaments stands, on average, at less than one quarter, and in boardrooms it is even lower. Without concerted action, millions more girls will be subjected to genital mutilation over the next decade.

Where laws exist, they are often ignored, and women who pursue legal redress are doubted, denigrated and dismissed. We now know that sexual harassment and abuse have been thriving in workplaces, public spaces and private homes, in countries that pride themselves on their record of gender equality.

The United Nations should set an example for the world.

I recognize that this has not always been the case. Since the start of my tenure last year, I have set change in motion at UN headquarters, in our peacekeeping missions and in all our offices worldwide.

We have now reached gender parity for the first time in my senior management team, and I am determined to achieve this throughout the organization. I am totally committed to zero tolerance of sexual harassment and have set out plans to improve reporting and accountability. We are working closely with countries around the world to prevent and address sexual exploitation and abuse by staff in peacekeeping missions, and to support victims.

We at the United Nations stand with women around the world as they fight to overcome the injustices they face – whether they are rural women dealing with wage discrimination, urban women organizing for change, women refugees at risk of exploitation and abuse, or women who experience intersecting forms of discrimination: widows, indigenous women, women with disabilities and women who do not conform to gender norms.

Women’s empowerment is at the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals means progress for all women, everywhere. The Spotlight initiative launched jointly with the European Union will focus resources on eliminating violence against women and girls, a prerequisite for equality and empowerment.

Let me be clear: this is not a favour to women. Gender equality is a human rights issue, but it is also in all our interests: men and boys, women and girls. Gender inequality and discrimination against women harms us all.

There is ample evidence that investing in women is the most effective way to lift communities, companies, and even countries. Women’s participation makes peace agreements stronger, societies more resilient and economies more vigorous. Where women face discrimination, we often find practices and beliefs that are detrimental to all. Paternity leave, laws against domestic violence and equal pay legislation benefit everyone.

At this crucial moment for women’s rights, it is time for men to stand with women, listen to them and learn from them. Transparency and accountability are essential if women are to reach their full potential and lift all of us, in our communities, societies and economies.

I am proud to be part of this movement, and I hope it continues to resonate within the United Nations and around the world.

More information: